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[学科知识] 2015教师资格考试高中英语动词短语(三)

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发表于 2016-8-14 16:46:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
【give短语】
        give away 赠送,给予,背弃,泄露,分发
        give back 归还,送回 give in 投降,让步,屈服
        give off 释放,发出,放出 (烟、光、热等)
        give out 用完,耗尽,分发,发放 give over = hand over 转交,移交
        give up 放弃,辞去 give a concert 开音乐会
        give a description of… 描述…… give / make a speech 演讲,讲话
        give a talk 演讲,做报告 give birth to 生婴儿,生产,造成
        give close attention to 密切关注 give medical care to sb 对某人进行治疗
        give shade in summer 夏天时遮阳 give / lend sb a hand 给某人帮助
        give sb a message = give a message to sb 给某人捎个口信
        give sb a second look 再看某人一眼 give sb a warm welcome 热烈欢迎某人
        give sb some advice on sth / doing sth / how to do sth 就……向某人提出建议/忠告
        例如:
        In those days, he used to give away a part of his income to help his friend.
        Remember not to give it away to anyone else; it’s a secret.
        Both sides argued with reason, and neither would give in.
        If they are burned, they will give off poisonous gases.
        When they made ready to climb the next ridge (山脊), they found that their oxygen had given out.
        Our English teacher is giving out the test papers.
        Both the man and the horse gave out after the long ride.
        All hope of finding the missing aircraft was given up and the search stopped.
        Mary had to give up her job after her marriage.
        Mr Black will give us a talk on how to learn English well this afternoon.
        Could you give us some advice on reading?
        If you won’t have it changed, please give my money back.
        【go短语】
        go abroad 出国 go about 四处走走,开始做,着手干
        go about from house to house 挨/逐家拜访 go against 违反,违背
        go ahead 说吧,干吧,领先,走在前面 go / walk around 四处走走
        go away 走开,离去 go back 回去
        go beyond 超越 go by 走过,经过,(时间)消逝,过去
        go down 下来,落下,倒下 go down on one’s knees 跪下
        go for 为……去,努力获取,主张,适用于
        go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行
        go for a job interview 去面试找工作 go for a walk / walks 散步
        go for sb 对某人也一样 go in for 参加,喜欢
        go into 详细调查 go into details 细说
        go off 走开,离去,(闹钟)闹响 go off to = be off to = leave for 动身去
        go off the air 停止广播(比较:go on the air 开始广播)
        go on 发生,进行,继续 go / be on diet 在节食
        go on (a) holiday 去度假 go on a tour to 去……观光(游览)
        go on a visit to 去……访问(参观)
        go on doing sth 继续做某事(同一事)
        [比较:go on to do sth 继续做某事(另一事)
        go on with sth 继续某事]
        go out 熄灭,出去 ,外出 go over 复习,过一遍,仔细检查,审阅
        go past 从……的旁边过去 go up 上升,上涨,增长,攀登
        go with… 与……相配
        go without 忍受没有……之苦,没有……也行,没有……也能勉强应付
        go shopping / fishing / sailing / camping / skating 去购物/钓鱼/驾船航行/宿营/滑冰
        go straight along 沿着……一直往前走
        go through 通过,经受,浏览,仔细检查 go through with 完成
        go to bed (上床)睡觉 go to school / work 上学/上班
        go to sea 当水手 go to sleep 入睡
        go to town 进城 go to a movie 去看电影
        go to the country(side) 下乡 go home / there 回家/去那儿
        go to see a doctor 去看病,去看医生 go bad 变坏
        go wrong 出毛病,不对头,做错事,误入歧途
        go Dutch 各付各的帐,平摊费用
        例如:
        No one dared to go against the rules.
        —Do you mind if I open the window? / Do you mind my opening the window?
        —No, go ahead.
        I went away /off wondering if I’d said anything wrong.
        I’m afraid the fish has gone bad.
        Things will get easier as time goes by.
        He went by quickly, taking no notice of us.
        If you really want the job, go for it!
        Close all the doors and lock them when you go out. The same goes for windows.
        I go in for all the competitions.
        After a short pause, Maria went on with her story.
        Suddenly the candle went out.
        Once again I went over exactly what I needed to say.
        Let’s go over what we learned last period.
        Do you want me to go through this and check your spellings?
        Unemployment in that country has gone up by a million.
        It is possible to go without food for a few days.
        Something’s gone wrong with my watch; I must have it repaired.
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